Install SkyPilot using pip:

$ # SkyPilot requires python >= 3.7. For Apple Silicon, use >= 3.8.
$ # Recommended: use a new conda env to avoid package conflicts.
$ conda create -y -n sky python=3.8
$ conda activate sky

$ # Choose an extra (default: [aws])
$ pip install skypilot
$ # pip install "skypilot[gcp]"
$ # pip install "skypilot[azure]"
$ # pip install "skypilot[lambda]"
$ # pip install "skypilot[ibm]"
$ # pip install "skypilot[scp]"
$ # pip install "skypilot[oci]"
$ # pip install "skypilot[all]"

SkyPilot currently supports these cloud providers: AWS, GCP, Azure, IBM, OCI, SCP, Lambda Cloud, and Cloudflare (for R2 object store). If you only have access to certain clouds, use any combination of the pip extras above (e.g., "[aws,gcp]") to reduce the dependencies installed.

You may also install SkyPilot from source.

$ git clone
$ cd skypilot
$ pip install ".[all]"


For Macs, macOS >= 10.15 is required to install SkyPilot. Apple Silicon-based devices (e.g. Apple M1) must run pip uninstall grpcio; conda install -c conda-forge grpcio=1.43.0 prior to installing SkyPilot.


As an alternative to installing SkyPilot on your laptop, we also provide a Docker image as a quick way to try out SkyPilot. See instructions below on running SkyPilot in a container.

Cloud account setup

If you already have cloud access set up on your local machine, run sky check to verify that SkyPilot can properly access your enabled clouds.

Otherwise, configure access to at least one cloud, then run sky check:

Amazon Web Services (AWS)

To get the AWS access key required by aws configure, please go to the AWS IAM Management Console and click on the “Access keys” dropdown (detailed instructions here). The Default region name [None]: and Default output format [None]: fields are optional and can be left blank to choose defaults.

$ # Install boto
$ pip install boto3

$ # Configure your AWS credentials
$ aws configure

To use AWS IAM Identity Center (AWS SSO), see here for instructions.

Google Cloud Platform (GCP)

$ pip install google-api-python-client
$ conda install -c conda-forge google-cloud-sdk

$ gcloud init

$ # Run this if you don't have a credentials file.
$ # This will generate ~/.config/gcloud/application_default_credentials.json.
$ gcloud auth application-default login

If running conda install -c conda-forge google-cloud-sdk produces the error “RemoveError: ‘requests’ is a dependency of conda and cannot be removed from conda’s operating environment”, try conda update --force conda first and rerun the command.

Note: if you encounter Authorization Error (Error 400: invalid_request) with the url generated by gcloud auth login, try installing the latest version of the Google Cloud SDK (e.g., with conda install -c conda-forge google-cloud-sdk) on your local machine (which opened the browser) and rerun the command.


If you are using multiple GCP projects, list all the configs by gcloud config configurations list and activate one by gcloud config configurations activate <CONFIG_NAME> (See GCP docs).


$ # Login
$ az login
$ # Set the subscription to use
$ az account set -s <subscription_id>

Hint: run az account subscription list to get a list of subscription IDs under your account.

Lambda Cloud

Lambda Cloud is a cloud provider offering low-cost GPUs. To configure Lambda Cloud access, go to the API Keys page on your Lambda console to generate a key and then add it to ~/.lambda_cloud/lambda_keys:

$ mkdir -p ~/.lambda_cloud
$ echo "api_key = <your_api_key_here>" > ~/.lambda_cloud/lambda_keys


To access IBM’s services, store the following fields in ~/.ibm/credentials.yaml:

iam_api_key: <user_personal_api_key>
resource_group_id: <resource_group_user_is_a_member_of>


Stock images aren’t currently providing ML tools out of the box. Create private images with the necessary tools (e.g. CUDA), by following the IBM segment in this documentation.

Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI)

To access Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI), setup the credentials by following this guide. After completing the steps in the guide, the ~/.oci folder should contain the following files:


The ~/.oci/config file should contain the following fields:


Cloudflare R2

Cloudflare offers R2, an S3-compatible object storage without any egress charges. SkyPilot can download/upload data to R2 buckets and mount them as local filesystem on clusters launched by SkyPilot. To set up R2 support, run:

$ # Install boto
$ pip install boto3
$ # Configure your R2 credentials
$ AWS_SHARED_CREDENTIALS_FILE=~/.cloudflare/r2.credentials aws configure --profile r2

In the prompt, enter your R2 Access Key ID and Secret Access Key (see instructions to generate R2 credentials). Select auto for the default region and json for the default output format.

AWS Access Key ID [None]: <access_key_id>
AWS Secret Access Key [None]: <access_key_secret>
Default region name [None]: auto
Default output format [None]: json

Next, get your Account ID from your R2 dashboard and store it in ~/.cloudflare/accountid with:

$ mkdir -p ~/.cloudflare
$ echo <YOUR_ACCOUNT_ID_HERE> > ~/.cloudflare/accountid


Support for R2 is in beta. Please report and issues on Github or reach out to us on Slack.

Samsung Cloud Platform (SCP)

Samsung Cloud Platform(SCP) provides cloud services optimized for enterprise customers. You can learn more about SCP here.

To configure SCP access, you need access keys and the ID of the project your tasks will run. Go to the Access Key Management page on your SCP console to generate the access keys, and the Project Overview page for the project ID. Then, add them to ~/.scp/scp_credential by running:

$ # Create directory if required
$ mkdir -p ~/.scp
$ # Add the lines for "access_key", "secret_key", and "project_id" to scp_credential file
$ echo "access_key = <your_access_key>" >> ~/.scp/scp_credential
$ echo "secret_key = <your_secret_key>" >> ~/.scp/scp_credential
$ echo "project_id = <your_project_id>" >> ~/.scp/scp_credential


Multi-node clusters are currently not supported on SCP.

Verifying cloud access

After configuring the desired clouds, you can optionally run sky check to verify that credentials are correctly set up:

$ sky check

This will produce a summary like:

Checking credentials to enable clouds for SkyPilot.
  AWS: enabled
  GCP: enabled
  Azure: enabled
  Lambda: enabled
  IBM: enabled
  SCP: enabled
  OCI: enabled
  Cloudflare (for R2 object store): enabled

SkyPilot will use only the enabled clouds to run tasks. To change this, configure cloud credentials, and run sky check.

Requesting quotas for first time users

If your cloud account has not been used to launch instances before, the respective quotas are likely set to zero or a low limit. This is especially true for GPU instances.

Please follow Requesting Quota Increase to check quotas and request quota increases before proceeding.

Quick alternative: trying in Docker

As a quick alternative to installing SkyPilot on your laptop, we also provide a Docker image with SkyPilot and its dependencies installed for users to quickly try out SkyPilot. You can simply run:

$ docker run -td --name sky --rm -v "$HOME/.sky:/root/.sky:rw" -v "$HOME/.aws:/root/.aws:rw" -v "$HOME/.config/gcloud:/root/.config/gcloud:rw" -v "$HOME/.azure:/root/.azure:rw"
$ docker exec -it sky /bin/bash

If your cloud CLIs are already setup, your credentials will be mounted to the container and you can proceed to Quickstart. Else you can follow the instructions in Cloud account setup inside the container to setup your cloud accounts.

If you exit from the shell in the container, the container will keep running in the background. You can start a new shell with docker exec -it sky /bin/bash.

Once you are done with experimenting with sky, remember to delete any clusters and storage resources you may have created using the following commands:

# Run inside the container

$ sky down -a -y
$ sky storage delete -a -y

Finally, you can stop the container with:

$ docker stop sky

Enabling shell completion

SkyPilot supports shell completion for Bash (Version 4.4 and up), Zsh and Fish. This is only available for click versions 8.0 and up (use pip install click==8.0.4 to install).

To enable shell completion after installing SkyPilot, you will need to modify your shell configuration. SkyPilot automates this process using the --install-shell-completion option, which you should call using the appropriate shell name or auto:

$ sky --install-shell-completion auto
$ # sky --install-shell-completion zsh
$ # sky --install-shell-completion bash
$ # sky --install-shell-completion fish

Shell completion may perform poorly on certain shells and machines. If you experience any issues after installation, you can use the --uninstall-shell-completion option to uninstall it, which you should similarly call using the appropriate shell name or auto:

$ sky --uninstall-shell-completion auto
$ # sky --uninstall-shell-completion zsh
$ # sky --uninstall-shell-completion bash
$ # sky --uninstall-shell-completion fish